expedition handbook

This Handbook contains everything you need to know about this Secret Compass Classic expedition to Sudan.

Read on to discover our ethos and team-centred approach and for the nitty gritty like flight and visa advice, insurance requirements and kit recommendations.

Use the buttons below to ask questions or if this handbook answers all of your questions you can request a space on the ​team by completing the booking form and submitting a deposit (bound by our T&Cs). We will then be in touch by phone or email​ ​to hopefully approve your place on the team!



Upcoming Expedition Dates

  • 17 – 31 Jan 2021

Key Facts

  • Arrive: At the team hotel, Khartoum by 1800 on Day 1.
  • Depart: leave Khartoum any time on Day 15.
  • Insurance: Ensure you have comprehensive cover.
  • Docs: send your flight, insurance and passport copy in.
  • Balance due: 90 days before departure.
  • Find FAQ and Testimonials online.


The aim of this Redefined Classic expedition is to cross the Bayuda Desert – a journey of around 280km – on foot and by camel.


A stark and unforgiving landscape, crossing this corner of the Sahara will require the team to carry everything by camel and pitch camp each night in a remote desert under an unspoilt starlit sky. Each member of the team will be allocated their own camel for the duration of the expedition, with the freedom to alternate between riding and travelling on-foot.

Along the banks of the Nile clasping the southern edge of the Bayuda desert, the team will explore the Meroë pyramids which – along with the Nuri pyramids on the northern edge of the desert – were the termini of the Bayuda Desert Route, a hugely important lifeline connecting the northern and southern districts of the Kingdom of Kush in 600 BC.


  • Journey through diverse Saharan desert scenery.
  • Follow in the footsteps of ancient Meroitic civilisations.
  • Find companionship in your own camel.
  • Explore the pyramids and tombs of the ancient Meroitic civilisation.
  • Camp under the stars of the desert night sky.
  • Interact with the Bedouin, and local herders as you visit desert wells.
  • Experience the hospitality of a country rarely visited by western tourists.


You need to organise your own international flights. It is advised that you book a flexible flight ticket that can be changed or refunded if the expedition dates are changed or if it is cancelled for any reason. See our online Terms and Conditions.

You need to be at the team hotel in Khartoum by 1800 on Day 1 of the expedition and the expedition officially ends after breakfast on Day 15, although you are free to depart anytime as many flights depart early in the morning.


Travel insurance that provides cover for emergency repatriation in case of a medical emergency is compulsory for all expeditions. You should be aware that many standard insurance policies may not cover you adequately for all aspects of a remote expedition and so we strongly recommend that you purchase a suitably designed insurance policy. Secret Compass cannot comment on the suitability of your cover so if you are in any doubt please contact your policy provider and ask them to confirm that you are covered to our minimum standard (below).

  • Emergency medical repatriation (to home country) including any associated expenses abroad of at least $500,000.
  • Activities: ensure that any expedition activities are included, these could be trekking, horse riding, rafting, MTB etc.
  • Geographical region: check the geographical region you are going to is insured (often the US and Canada or countries such as Afghanistan are not insured).
  • Foreign Ministry advice: check your insurance is not sensitive to any travel warnings issued by your respective foreign ministry. In the UK, many insurers will not insure you when the Foreign Office warns against travel to this area. Foreign Office advice will not necessarily mean we cancel an expedition or do not travel to a particular area. Please check @FCOtravel and the Travel Aware site.
  • Dates: make sure the period of cover begins at the departure and ends at the return to your home country. Many flights take a day or two and time zones vary. Insurance companies may prejudice your claims due to this.
  • Pre-existing medical conditions: disclose these to your insurance company and to Secret Compass.

Prior to travel Secret Compass will require the name of your insurance policy provider, their 24-hour emergency contact number and your policy number. For full information on travel insurance and links to suggested companies, please visit the insurance page on our website.

Visas & Permits

Visas are your responsibility. Most nationalities, including British Nationals, need a visa to visit Sudan. Visas can be obtained either from an embassy in advance or on arrival at Khartoum Airport, however for both options require supporting documents from us which require arranging in advance.

More detailed information on applying for a visa in advance is given below for British Nationals residing in the UK. For other nationalities please check with your nearest embassy or consulate for the latest advice and be aware that in some countries it can take a prolonged period to obtain a visa.

British Nationals can apply for a visa in advance from the Sudanese Embassy in London. You will need:

  • a letter of invitation (provided by Secret Compass)
  • a completed visa application form
  • 1 passport-sized photograph
  • payment (£65 for UK passport holders, £95 for US passport holders)
  • applications must be made in person, or via a visa assistance company

To obtain a visa on arrival instead you will need:

  • entry permit (provided by Secret Compass)
  • payment of $100 USD cash on arrival ($150 for US passport holders)

To arrange supporting documents all team mates must send Secret Compass:

  • a copy of the information/photo page of their passport
  • a digital copy of a passport-sized photograph
  • notification of which embassy you will be applying for your visa through, or if you would like to obtain a visa on arrival instead

Please note that recent changes to US entry requirements mean that if you live in a country which is part of the US Visa Waiver Program but have recently (since 2011) travelled to Sudan then you will not be able to use the Visa Waiver Program and must apply for a full visa to travel to the US. See here for more details.

Secret Compass will arrange any other permits required.


You should have a passport valid for the duration of the expedition and for 6 months after your travel dates and which has at least two consecutive empty pages. IMPORTANT: Please note that if your passport has an Israeli visa or Israeli entry/exit stamps you will not be allowed to enter Sudan. Please send a clear, colour copy of the photo/information page of your passport to Secret Compass ahead of the expedition and carry photocopies of you passport and spare passport photos with you on the expedition in a safe place.

Day 1 – Khartoum

Arrive in Khartoum in time to meet your leader at 1800 at the team hotel, for a welcome meal and expedition briefing.  If you send your flight details to us in good time we can arrange a transfer from the airport for you.

Day 2 – Trek Start at Metemma

Travel from Khartoum to Metemma by road via the Nile’s sixth cataract at Sabaluka and the town of Shendi on the banks of the Nile. From here cross the Nile by bridge to Metemma on the opposite bank where we will join our camels and camel-men. Every team member will be assigned his/her own camel and after a briefing on the art of camel-riding, we set out north into the rolling sand-sheets and acacia forest of the Bayuda Desert. After a late start our trek today will be relatively short, making camp a short way into the desert, passing through the camps and settlements of local herdsmen on the outskirts of the town.

Day 3 to Day 10 – On Expedition

We journey for a further 8 nights through the desert, weaving our way through dunes, across great sheets of sand and gravel, past nomadic camps and around brooding volcanic hills and outcrops.

We’ll stop each night to wild camp on the edge of dunes, under sparse trees in wadis or near the wells where we can watch tribesmen coming and going and watering their animals, hauling buckets of water by camel and donkey from fifty metres down. We’ll experience the spectacular changing desert scenery during the day, and camp under glittering skies at night. Expect early starts in the cool of the morning to allow for longer breaks for lunch during the heat of the day. Along our journey we’ll have the opportunity to buy sheep from local herdsmen to cook a traditional meal over the fire.

Day 11 – Karima

As we reach the end of our desert crossing, we’ll spot the dark line on the horizon marking the beginnings of civilization and the River Nile in the distance. Continuing to the outskirts of a small village at the edge of the desert we’ll leave our camels behind and transfer to the town of Karima for a welcome night at a hotel for showers and dinner.

Day 12 – Bejrawiyya

Desert crossing complete, the expedition now takes a more relaxed turn as we explore the ancient sights of Sudan, visiting Nubian pyramids at Nuri and Meroe which once formed the termini of the ancient Bayuda desert route. From Karima we visit the Nuri Pyramids, El Kurru and Jebel Barkal, necropoli of the city of Napata, the ancient capital of Nubia. It is at these sites that numerous important pharaohs were buried. We’ll have the opportunity to enter some of the tombs including some which have hieroglyphic inscriptions and murals to rival those in Luxor. We then head south, back across the desert to overnight at Bejrawiyya, site of the pyramids of Old Meroe, with the opportunity to see the pyramids in the atmospheric light of dusk or dawn.

Day 13 – Khartoum

In the morning we will tour the Pyramids of Old Meroe, a mixture of restored pyramids and tumbling ruins rising out of the desert. Discovered by the explorer Frederick Cailliaud in 1822, the remains of this royal city were very extensive – over two hundred pyramids have been identified. After visiting the pyramids we’ll continue our journey to Khartoum, stopping at Mussawarat Es Sufra and Naqa ancient sights along the way, visiting some of the most beautiful and impressive temples of Sudan.

Day 14 – Khartoum

Contingency Day or further sightseeing in Khartoum.

Day 15 – Khartoum

You are free to depart anytime today. The expedition officially ends after breakfast although many flights depart early in the morning.

About Secret Compass itineraries

Please remember that this itinerary acts as a framework plan. It provides guidance as to our intentions but may not be followed religiously. This is an adventure and by definition the outcome is uncertain. The leadership team will adapt, flex and change the plan depending on the numerous frictions you may encounter along the way.

Previous Experience

No specific previous experience is necessary to join this expedition but team members would benefit from multi-day trekking and camping experience. Please do not underestimate the challenge presented by the conditions in the desert. When on foot you will need to walk at between 3 and 5 km per hour to keep pace with the camels, and the team will be trekking for 8 hours a day or more. Your riding camel will be available whenever you wish to ride but be aware that camel riding is not a passive activity and still requires fitness.


All our expeditions are achievable by people with an active and healthy lifestyle. However, this is an arduous expedition that will test you and at times you may be sore, tired, hot, dusty or hungry! The most challenging aspect of this expedition will be the heat – with daytime temperatures of 30 – 45 °C and very little shade during the day. You must be prepared physically and mentally for the expedition and for living in basic conditions for the duration. Please ensure that you train for the expedition and arrive fit and ready to go. You will be required to be fit enough for the following.

  • Trek or camel ride: up to 30km a day. You can ride or walk as much or little as you want but be aware: camel-riding is not a passive activity and requires fitness and agility.
  • Daily activity: up to 8hrs daily on the trek phase.
  • Carry: up to a maximum of approx. 5 kg (you will not have to carry your own kit or provisions, but a day pack with your water and immediate requirements is convenient).
  • Terrain: a variety of desert terrain including rocky, uneven, sandy and sometimes steep terrain.
  • Climate: very hot and dry (30 – 45°C+ during the day), potential sandstorms, cooler nights.


Vaccinations. Please seek advice from your health professional on recommended vaccinations. The NHS Fit For Travel site and Travel Health Pro are both useful.

There is a risk of Yellow Fever in some parts of Sudan, although not the area we are travelling. However, a Yellow Fever regulations change regularly and a Certificate can sometimes be required when departing Sudan so we recommend ensuring you are both vaccinated and carry your original certificate with you. WHO advice now states that Yellow Fever Vaccinations are valid for life instead of the original 10 years claimed – please note that this information is not widely known so if necessary you should insist on a medical practitioner issuing a new, valid certificate or extending the expiry on your existing one. Do not accept an exemption certificate as an alternative to a vaccination certificate, as these too are not widely recognised.

There is a risk of malaria in Sudan so please bring appropriate prophylaxis.

Dental. It is strongly recommended that you have a dental check up prior to departure. Dental problems far from help are very unpleasant.


The currency in Sudan is the Sudanese Pound (SDG). Credit cards, debit cards, ATM cards and travellers’ cheques are NOT accepted in the Sudan so you must bring enough cash with you, in USD dated 2009/2013 or newer, to last you for the duration of the trip.
This expedition is all-inclusive so you won’t need much money, just enough for some souvenirs on the way or for (discretionary but always appreciated) tips.  It’s not necessary to change more than $20-$40 into local currency for the expedition.
Secret Compass always suggest carrying an emergency fund of $100-$200 in cash.

The following is Secret Compass’s recommended kit list for the Sudan expedition. There are some examples on our website under the kit section. Secret Compass will supply tents, and group cooking equipment. You will also be provided with local trousers, tunic and scarf for the expedition.


Secret Compass have arranged team members discounts with Cotswold Outdoor, Nordic Life, Outdoor Hire and Expedition Kit Hire, details of these will be sent through on booking.

Baggage and Sleeping

  • DAYSACK: 30 ltr, large enough to fit your water, sun cream and personal kit during the day.
  • SOFT-SIDED DUFFLE / SOFT FRAME RUCKSACK: 70 ltr max. These will then be carried by the camel caravan in the desert, so this should be soft-sided and compressible (no wheels). Don’t bring unnecessary items to overburden the camels.
  • WATERPROOF RUCKSACK LINER: Sealable “canoe” or “dry” bags made by Podsac or Ortlieb, etc. are useful to help keep the sand out. We are not expecting any rain but you never know!
  • SMALLER DRY BAGS: As above, but smaller dry bags to put essential items in. These will hopefully keep your gear dry and sand free.
  • SLEEPING BAG: Overnight temperatures are likely to be 5-15 degrees Celsius, but could drop as low as 0 degrees Celsius. Please bring an adequate sleeping bag for your personal sleeping temperature.
  • SLEEPING MAT: Lightweight sleeping mat – there will be a mattress provided for riding your camel, but we recommend also bringing a sleeping mat.


  • TREKKING SHIRTS: 2 x thin trekking shirts that dry quickly. Long sleeves to provide insect and sun protection.
  • THERMAL BASE LAYER: 1 x long sleeved thermal top. Helly Hansen or equivalent.
  • LONG TREKKING TROUSERS: 2 x thin trekking trousers that dry quickly and are comfortable. Do not bring shorts as these are not acceptable in Sudan.
  • MID LAYER: 1 x fleece or equivalent.
  • WARM LAYER: 1 x light down jacket or equivalent. It may be cold in the evenings.
  • WATERPROOF JACKET: 1 x Gore-tex or equivalent. We’re not expecting rain but this will also offer protection from the wind.
  • WALKING BOOTS: Must be well worn in before the expedition. Please consult your nearest outdoor store for advice on choosing the correct boot. We recommend a specialist desert boot from providers like Altberg. See our blog article on desert footwear for more information.
  • HIKING SOCKS: 4 pairs that fit well with your footwear and provide cushioning.
  • LIGHTWEIGHT SHOES: For use around camp. Flip-flops are not recommended and something like trail shoes could be worn as a break from walking boots if these become uncomfortable.
  • UNDERWEAR (optional): 4 x sport /seamless Lycra shorts that don’t chafe.
  • SCARF (Optional): Lightweight. Useful for protected again the sun and sand


  • ROBUST WATER BOTTLE: 2 x Nalgene or Sigg. Combine with a Camelback.
  • CAMELBACK: You need to be able to carry a minimum of 2 litres of water in a combination of camelback and water bottles.

Health and Hygiene

  • WASHBAG, TOOTHBRUSH & TOOTHPASTE, RAZOR, DEODORANT (optional): This should not be massive! A small drybag or re-sealable freezer bag is ideal.
  • SOAP (optional): Anti-bacterial and BIODEGRADBALE.
  • TRAVEL TOWEL/SARONG (optional).
  • WET WIPES OR BABY WIPES: There will be no washing facilities during the trek so bring plenty.
  • TOILET PAPER: A small personal supply is useful.
  • ANTIBACTERIAL HAND GEL: Enough for the entire duration of the expedition.
  • SANITARY PRODUCTS (optional): Bring nappy sacks or similar for used items to be carried out.
  • VASELINE: Keep readily available to prevent chafing skin and heel friction blisters.
  • VITAMINS (optional).

Small First Aid Kit

A team medical kit with a comprehensive primary care provision will be carried.

  • WATERPROOF BAG OR TUPPERWARE BOX: Keep kit dry and safe.
  • PAIN KILLERS: Ibuprofen and paracetamol.
  • ZINC OXIDE TAPE AND SMALL SCISSORS: If you can source Leukoplast, we have found this to be the best.
  • COMPEED BLISTER PADS: Desert walking and swollen feet can be a recipe for blisters – please come prepared.  Please note that compeed produce several similar-looking blister packs for corns, etc. Please ensure you purchase the standard / original item.
  • SQUASH DRINKING POWDER: To encourage intake of fluids when you are bored of water!
  • PIRITON TABLETS: For allergies.
  • EURAX CREAM: For bites.
  • ANY MEDICATION YOU NORMALLY USE: It’s worth noting down the generic/chemical name for your medication in case you need to buy more. Please also ensure that your medication is legal in your destination.


  • WATCH (optional).
  • TREKKING POLES Optional but highly recommended even if you don’t normally use them as you will be trekking over uneven, shifting terrain.
  • HEAD TORCH AND SPARE BATTERIES: Petzl Tikka head torch or equivalent.
  • GOGGLES: In case of dust or sand storms.
  • PENKNIFE (optional): Remember, do not carry this in your hand luggage.
  • GAFFA TAPE (optional): For emergency repairs to your kit, you can take some off the roll and wrap it around something else in your kit.
  • KARABINER x 1.
  • SPARE BOOT LACES (optional).
  • RE-SEALABE PLASTIC BAGS: For dirty washing, wrappings, etc.

Our Approach

Secret Compass organises expeditions, not sightseeing tours. Our expeditions are team-centred, flexible and dynamic. Teams are managed on the ground by Secret Compass staff: industry-leading professionals and guides of the highest calibre. They put the structure in place for your team to have an incredible experience while achieving your expedition’s aims. Our people are as passionate as you are about achieving the extraordinary in the world’s wildest places. Secret Compass teams often go to places that others don’t. This makes our expeditions truly different, taking you beneath the skin and beyond the headlines of the world’s most remote reaches. Inspired by history’s great explorers and challenges, you’ll be set ambitious goals and will overcome similar hardships to those experienced on the audacious journeys of the past.

Remember this is not an organised tour. It is an adventure. More often than not expeditions don’t run smoothly! The nature of the areas we operate in mean that we will encounter a number of challenges that we expect everyone to meet and relish. Friction and hurdles are all part and parcel of an arduous expedition and also to our success as a team. These make the journey more interesting and are often the best and most amusing parts when looking back. Each expedition is thoroughly reviewed on its return and team members will have the opportunity to provide feedback which helps to inform planning for future expeditions.

Local Partners and Bureaucracy

Our teammates can only achieve the extraordinary with the help of people in the communities we travel through. NGO and aid workers, guides, fixers and interpreters all work extremely hard and are generous in their hospitality to us and our teams: visitors in their land. They are crucial to our success. Please remember and respect that their perspectives and concepts of time, environmental responsibility and customer service might differ to yours. Occasionally there is no established protocol for outside visitors which means we encounter local power struggles or disagreements. Our leaders have years of experience in delicate negotiations like these and conversational chess – especially through an interpreter – and these interchanges are often memorable parts of any expedition.

Infrastructure and Natural Events

The areas we travel to often especially remote. Transport infrastructure can be ageing, inadequate or non-existent. Flooded roads, collapsed bridges, fallen trees and vehicle break-downs are all par for the course. Our teams thrive on overcoming challenges like these – be prepared to get stuck in and push occasionally! Natural phenomena like desert sand storms, early monsoons, landslides across key routes, winter coming early, gale force winds and driving snow can all make for a more interesting time on the expedition.


In some areas our teams explore, we rely on local food sources. This can often be outstanding (but can also be very average) and we always make the best out of the resources available. In other cases, we will supply filling and high-calorie dehydrated expedition foods (ration packs).

Part of a Team

Secret Compass fosters a team mentality across all its expeditions and projects. Like all teams you will have a leader who will give direction to your progress. Crucial to your team’s success – especially when the going gets tough – is the attitude of the teammates working together to achieve the aim. You really are part of a team, not a cosseted guest on a tour. We ask teammates to muck in and help out any aspect of the expedition, from fetching water and helping to prepare and cook food, to carrying some group kit and equipment if required. The working language of all teams is English.

Typical Teammates

There really is no typical expedition member, though everyone needs to be fit, healthy and ready to take on the expedition’s aim by the time of departure. Participants range from 21 to 65+ in age and come from all over the world. Backgrounds include contract workers and engineers, IT specialists and students, teachers and literature lovers, journalists and keen photographers and so many more. What bonds our pioneering teams is their shared spirit of adventure and their sense of humour and positive outlook. A good teammate looks on the bright side when the 4×4 breaks down, the rain comes early and when a meal is distinctly pedestrian. Our teammates help each other, look out for each, encourage each other and help each other when needed. Our teams have done us proud in working together to achieve their common goal: the aim of the expedition. If this sounds like you, you’ve come to the right expedition company.

Teammate Mentality

You need a robust, spirited and can-do attitude to cope with demanding days and rough camping in rugged and wild places. You’ll cover good daily distances (generally carrying your own kit and equipment), eating expedition foods or relying on local food sources. These elements combine to create the unique character of each expedition. On expedition, challenges, frictions and changes to plans are inevitable. Teammates should meet and relish these as an integral part of any arduous expedition and its ultimate success. Such things make the journey more interesting and are often most memorable parts when looking back.

Risk Management

Secret Compass is an expedition company not a tour company. Expeditions contain inherent risk. This is part of the appeal for teammates. We do not make expeditions safe as, by definition, that is impossible. We construct and implement a three-staged risk management approach to reduce risk to what we perceive as a tolerable level.

  1. Risk assessment.
    We conduct a thorough risk assessment of potential hazards and threats that may be encountered on the expedition and provide recommendations to reduce the likelihood of harm occurring/ severity if it does occur.
  2. Safety plan.
    As part of our expedition plan, we detail actions to be taken to implement and resource the recommendations of the risk assessment. This includes a detailed medical and communications plan.
  3. Delivery.
    The expedition leader is responsible for dynamic risk management on the expedition itself.

Key Risks.

Key risks encountered on this specific expedition include desert driving, heat-related illness and blisters. If you would like to see the full Risk Assessment for this expedition, please email info@secretcompass.com

Incident Management and Medical

As part of the safety plan, Secret Compass has a full incident and emergency plan for medical and other emergencies. This will be discussed in full at the arrival brief, so everyone is aware what action will be taken. In summary, incidences are usually managed on the ground by the expedition leader in the first instance with remote support from Secret Compass’s 24 hour Operations Room before evacuation to the nearest appropriate medical centre.

Informed Consent

It is your responsibility to understand the risks associated with adventure travel in remote areas. You also must understand that medical evacuation will take an extended period of time (potentially up to 36 hours) and will require wilderness extraction techniques and long carries by stretcher. In-country search and rescue and emergency services are very basic or non-existent and the expedition will rely on internal resources for medical evacuation. By joining this expedition, you accept the risks associated with the venture. If you require any more information on specific risk management for this expedition, or would like to speak to us about our medical planning prior to the trip, please get in touch.


Read team Testimonials or watch this short video featuring expedition teammates (filmed on location in Ethiopia) for an insight into life on expedition.



Sudan is a Muslim country and operates Islamic Sharia Law. Drinking alcohol or bringing alcohol into the country is illegal. While Non-Muslim women are not expected to wear a veil or cover their heads, but women should dress modestly (you should cover shoulders and legs and long sleeves may make you feel more comfortable)  and respect local customs and sensitivities. Gestures which would not cause concern in Europe or America can be seen as an insulting gesture in Sudan. You should not show the bottom of your foot, or make the sign hand signal for “O-kay” (e.g. touching your thumb to your index finger while extending the rest of your hands). As with many countries, you should not take any photos of government or military buildings or installations, or public utilities (including petrol stations, airports, bridges).
It should also be noted that Sudan is not an LGBT friendly country and extra-marital relations are illegal.


The Bayuda desert is a stark lanscape. This expedition will cover expansive sand and gravel sheets, dune fields, stony plateaus and desert wadis. There will be some sparse vegetation with occasional mimosa trees for shade during lunchtime breaks.  Travel along the base of dark and brooding volcanic mountains.


Northern Sudan and the Bayuda have a desert climate and temperatures can vary greatly between daytime and night-time. The weather during the day will be very hot and dry. Daytime temperatures during past trips have generally been 30 – 45 degrees and can be intense, whilst night-time temperatures could be as low as 10 – 15’ C. It should be noted though, that climate is often unpredictable and you should come equipped for a wide range of conditions. Sandstorms are also possible.


From the airport. Team members are responsible for their own transfers between the airport and the accommodation at the start and end of the expedition. Transfers are easily available by taxi.
Road. Depending on the final team size, 4×4 vehicles or minibuses will be used to transport the team to and from Khartoum and the start or end of the camel trek.
On Expedition. In the desert transport will be solely on foot or by camel.  Each team member will have their own riding camel and they can choose to ride or walk as much or as little as they want. Some team mates may prefer to ride most of the time, while some prefer to walk the whole distance: the ratio of walking to riding is entirely your own choice.  We will have support vehicles in the area in case they are required, but these will only meet with the team every few days.


The team will stay in a comfortable hotel in Khartoum at the start and end of the expedition, and in Karima at the end of the desert crossing. Rooms will be on a twin or occasionally triple-share basis. Whilst in the desert on expedition, the team will be wild camping each night. Tents will be provided by Secret Compass and will be shared.


In towns, the team will eat well in local restaurants. On expedition, we will be accompanied by a cook will provide simple but nutritious local food for the team: chicken, vegetables, rice, potatoes, pasta etc.  If the chance occurs we can also by a lamb or goat from nomads whilst in the desert.  Dietary requirements can usually be catered for but should be arranged with Secret Compass in advance. It is recommended that you bring a favourite snack or cereal bar for each expedition day as a morale boost.


Secret Compass staff will be carrying at least two methods of communication, usually a Satellite Phone and a DeLorme two-way communication device. These will be used for regular updates to head office and for emergencies.

Unfortunately, routine communication between team members and family/friends is not possible – please reassure them that no news is good news! If there is an emergency and someone needs to contact a team member, they can contact Secret Compass’s Operations Room on +44207 096 8428 who will endeavour to pass a message on within 24hours.

Cell Phone. Assuming your home mobile phone operator has a roaming agreement with a Sudanese company your mobile should work in Khartoum, however you are unlikely to get any signal whilst in the desert.

Here are some frequently asked questions that are specific to this expedition. Read our general FAQ too for questions such as ‘how do I join an expedition’ and more. Can’t find your answer? Contact SCHQ.

Is it safe to travel to Sudan?

Secret Compass have run this trip for several years now and we’ve found that the Sudanese are some of the friendliest people in Africa and welcome visitors. Sudan is one of the world’s poorest countries our trips generate much-needed income directly to the Sudanese people we work with. We take a comprehensive approach to risk management, from pre-expedition planning to our highly qualified and experienced leaders on the ground – you can read more about our approach to risk here. As with all our destinations we continually monitor the situation in-country up until and after departure, for the latest information, please contact us. On rare occasions if the situation deteriorates in the area we may make the decision to alter the planned itinerary. When this occurs we have robust contingency plans in place including alternative itineraries – for information on how this may effect you, please read our terms and conditions. Please get in touch if you require further details or have any specific concerns.

What language do they speak in Sudan?

The official languages of Sudan and Arabic and English. Sudanese Arabic is most widely spoken and is unique to Sudan, borrowing many words from the local languages. There are also many tribal languages including Beja, Tigre and several Nubian languages.

I’ve never ridden a camel before. Can I come?

Yes of course! As long as you fulfil the fitness requirements, have an adventurous spirit and are willing to work as a team, then you will have no problems. All team-mates will receive a briefing on riding camels.

Do I have to ride a Camel?

No. Team members are free to walk or ride as much or as little as they want. The camels will walk at a steady 3-5 km per hour and you must be able to maintain this pace when you are walking. Your camel will always be available for you should you wish to ride.

Will there be phone signal or Internet?

There should be signal in Khartoum, however it is very unlikely that you will have signal in the desert. You Secret Compass expedition leader will have a satellite phone and radios for emergency communications only.

Do I need to cover-up?

Women: Non-Muslim women are not expected to wear a veil or cover their heads, but should dress modestly and respect local customs and sensitivities.
All: Shorts are not appropriate for either male or female team members.

Can I arrive a day late?

Unfortunately, due to group transfers from the start and end of the trek, the start and end dates for this expedition are fixed.

Can we take photos?

Once in Sudan we will arrange any necessary permits for team members. However, as in many countries, taking photos of government or military buildings or facilities is not advised and consideration should be taken when photographing people.

Can I charge all my electricals?

There will be no access to power once the trekking section begins. Please ensure that you are self-sufficient in terms of charging your appliances by bringing things like spare batteries, lightweight solar panels or power packs if you need them to avoid frustration.

Is alcohol allowed?

No. The sale and consumption of alcohol is illegal throughout Sudan and this prohibition applies to tourists as well.

I’m Israeli / I have an Israeli stamp in my passport – will I be able to visit Sudan?

Unfortunately, Israeli citizens will not be issued an Sudanese visa. Additionally, if your passport has an Israeli visa or Israeli entry/exit stamps you will not be allowed to enter Sudan.

Will my camera work in the heat?

Cameras should not be that affected by the heat and dryness, but if it reaches over 45 degrees they might struggle (note that we do not expect temperatures this high in January). However, it is still advised to keep your camera in its bag until you use it and don’t keep in the direct sunlight for too long. The main problem is the sand itself. Grains can easily get into the lens systems, particularly compact cameras with zoom lenses. Ones with electronic lens covers are most at risk. The best cameras to use are sealed waterproof cameras which have no external working lenses so no sand can egress them. If using an SLR, then take care to prevent sand getting into a lens housing. Using Prime fixed focal length lenses can help. Take a small paintbrush, a puffer bottle or, even better, a compressed air canister (probably bought in-country if flying in) to blow away sand and grit from moving parts. Take care around the sensor and never wipe this if sand is on the sensor. Take particular care if the wind is blowing or the sand is very fine.

Will there be toilets or showers?

There will be no toilets or showers available during the trek. You should be prepared to duck behind the nearest sand dune ‘al-fresco’ and limit yourself to wet-wipe washes. Toilet paper is generally burned or packed out in sealed plastic bags. As we are carrying our own water into the desert there will not be enough to provide showers of any nature. Wet wipes are the way forward: you’ll all be in the same position so don’t worry about it.

Dietary requirements

All meals are included on this trip. Please advise us on booking if you have any special dietary requirements.

Do you provide further advice?

You might find our Get Ready section useful, with further advice about fitness, flights, travel insurance, visas and our approach to risk management.

How can I join the team?

If this sounds like the team for you, you can take the next steps on your adventure by completing our Booking Form and submitting an expedition deposit. One of the SC team will then be in touch with any questions before approving your spot.

The Journal